Landowners can meet land management objectives and concurrently provide habitat for wildlife when planting trees and shrubs. Several components of planting in the landscape can improve wildlife habitat. These include consideration of the function, diversity, seasonality, and arrangement of plants.
For example, wildlife requires different habitat for its varying life functions. One type of habitat is needed for perching, while another is needed for cover. Several plant types may be necessary for these functions. Also, plant arrangement may serve to produce 'edge' habitat, where a forest is adjacent to a grass field. Vegetation may be planted to shade and cool water sources. Another example of arrangement can be planting cover habitat away from human disturbance.
General Guidelines for Planting Trees and Shrubs for Wildlife are available here.
Wildlife has four basic requirements. Those are space, water, cover, and food. Space is the area in which the other requirements are provided. Planning for these requirements can allow for species richness and abundance of wildlife. Considerations of artificial versus natural feeding, variety of habitat structure, and landscape diversity, will influence the wildlife and their function on your property.
Habitat Considerations for Urban or Backyard Wildlife are available here.
Please visit the Wyoming Game and Fish Department's web site for more information.